House Bill 400, passed by the 77th Texas Legislature, relates directly to the participation and success goals of Closing the Gaps by 2015. The legislation requires school districts with high schools among the lowest 10 percent college going rates in the state to enter into a partnership agreement with a public institution of higher education to develop a plan to increase the district's college-going rates.
The data comes from the Texas Education Agency (TEA) graduation files and the CBM001 (Coordinating Board report found at http://www.txhighereddata.org/ReportingManuals.cfm). Each year of High School graduates are tracked into higher education the year following graduation to see how many are enrolled. Both public and private institutions in Texas are included. A count is done to see who falls into the lowest 10%. If the campus is consecutively in the lowest 10% for two years, they are flagged as HB 400 and show up on the list.The list is sent from the Coordinating Board to TEA so that schools can be notified.TEA requires schools to develop partnership plans with nearby colleges and universities.The Coordinating Board notifies higher education institutions of which schools are HB 400 schools.
The high school to college linkages for student enrolled in higher education is based on the following fall after graduation. HB400 looks at the following year after high school, so you should find more students enrolled in HB400 than in the fall report. The HB 400 looks at 5 years of data. In the HS linkages, we remove high schools with 25 or less and in HB400 we remove those who average 25 or less in a 5 year period. There are a series of programs that determine the list. Each of the 5 years is matched to the following year. A college going percentage rate is determined for each high school for each of the 5 years. The low 10% are calculated by year and then all the years are merged into one dataset. If the high school is in the low 10% 2 “consecutive” years during the 5 year period, they are on the list. The HB400 cutoff percentage changes every year depending on how the whole group breaks out in percentages. As we have seen over the years, most of the same schools end up on the list.
To summarize, the percentages in the HB 400 list is based on 5 years of data and the high school to college linkages data is based on the year following high school graduation.Some high schools can have a higher number of students going in a certain year, but if you look at 5 years of their data, the schools could have low numbers of students going to college over that 5 year period.Two consecutive years of low college going rates within that five year period would result in a school ending up on the HB 400 list.