Restricted Research - Award List, Note/Discussion Page

Fiscal Year: 2014

2069  The University of Texas at San Antonio  (23629)

Principal Investigator: Zawacki, Tina

Total Amount of Contract, Award, or Gift (Annual before 2011): $ 361,250

Exceeds $250,000 (Is it flagged?): Yes

Start and End Dates: 3/1/11 <> 2/28/15

Restricted Research: YES

Academic Discipline: PSYCHOLOGY DEPARTMENT  

Department, Center, School, or Institute: Center for Research and Training in the Sciences (CRTS)  

Title of Contract, Award, or Gift: Alcohol, Relationships and Risk: Women and HIV

Name of Granting or Contracting Agency/Entity: National Institutes of Health

Program Title: none
CFDA Linked: Drug Abuse and Addiction Research Programs


The goal of the proposed research is to reduce women's HIV infection by delineating the mechanisms through which alcohol affects sex risk reduction behavioral skills. Rates of sexual risk taking behavior remain high among women who have sex with men. Survey research suggests that young women are not skilled at behaviors that reduce sex risk, and alcohol consumption may further impair these behavioral skills. Although previous studies have contributed valuable information about alcohol's relationship to sexual risk taking, there is a paucity of experimental research involving actual behavioral responses during social interactions. The proposed study utilizes experimental methods in order to investigate alcohol's effects on women's behavioral skills at negotiating condom use during a face-to-face role-play with an opposite-sex actor. The theoretical underpinnings of the proposed research are the Cognitive Mediation Model of Sexual Decision Making (Norris, Masters, & Zawacki, 2004), Alcohol Myopia Theory (Taylor & Leonard, 1983), and Alcohol Expectancy Theory (MacAndrew & Edgerton, 1969). Intoxication of participants and characteristics of the role-play contexts are manipulated in a series of 3 proposed laboratory experiments. Each laboratory session will be videotaped and coded in order to assess participants' sex risk reduction behavior during the role-play. Self-report dependent measures will assess constructs of a recently developed Cognitive Mediation Model so that its utility in explaining alcohol-involved sexual risk taking can be tested. Prior to the laboratory session, participants' alcohol expectancies and relationship motivation will be assessed as a potential moderator of alcohol's effects on participants' negotiation behavior and cognitive model variables. The study paradigm was designed to simulate real situations in which safer-sex negotiations commonly occur. The results can be used to develop prevention programs that reduce women's sexual risk taking when drinking. These results will be most informative for prevention programs targeting young women who have sex with men, who are a group at particular risk for negative outcomes of sexual risk taking such as HIV transmission.

Discussion: No discussion notes


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